About Moothan
Moothans, the Vaishyas (Third in the chaste hierarchy of Brahman, Kshetriya, Vaishya, Sudra), very unique in their practising customs and one of the widely distributed community of palakkad district of kerala state.

Moothans are Socially Forward  Class and  popularly known in Palakkad under caste names like Moothan ( The Base Caste ) and Sub caste like Guptan and similar castes like Mannadiar and Tharakan.




  • Malayalam Traces - Moothon – “The Elder One”, “The First One” - Moothan
  • Tamil Traces        - Moothor,Moothorkal, Muthalvan – Means  “The First One” – Moothar- Moothan


  • Acquired Social Title later addressed as caste(Guptan,Gupta) (Eg. Amsam Adikaari,Kannaku pillai, Menavan, Menon, paniker is an Acquired Title based on profession later addressed as caste. )


  • Malayalam – Mannu – represents the earth” udayars – means the owners - Simply - The land Lords

  • Few Nair families also found to use the title Mannadiars and they are called Mannadi Nairs.


  • Tharakan - Tharaku (a term for giving orders -generally used by Kings of Kerala) In our case it is placing or acquiring a business order - Generally those who conduct tharaku business(trading) is later addressed as Tharakans(Hindu)
  • Few Christian families were also found to be using this titles in the other districts of kerala. Many articles related with this points that this title is given as a reward  by the then kings to those who conducted good  and fair business...

  • Bestowed titles or other honorifics (titles bestowed by kings, rajas, nawabs and other nobles before the British Raj (Wali, Rai, Rao, Tharakan, Panicker, Vallikappen, Moocken, etc.) 

  • Please refer link

Social Status - Forward Caste

Social Titles

The Mannadiar title is also used by Moothans of palakkad and Koduvayoor . To address tharakans also the mannadiar title is used. In palakkad, moothans are respectably called Mannattappan, Aandaar for males ,Mannattamma, Andaramma for females.

The usage of the Title Aandar is a mute pointer and relationship  of moothans communities deep  rooted faith towards Lord Muruga (called Aandavan, Aandar). Moothans kavadi pooja is the one of the unique festival celebrated in palakkad connected with Lord Muruga.

House  - Mannattu

"MANNATTU" is the name generally used for calling  houses of Moothans just like "ILLAMS"  and "MANAS" of Nampoothiris.

The Kethappa Mannatil tharavad of Koduvayoor is one of such example" where kethappa is the tharavad name and Mannatil is the representation of House. MANNAPATTIL,MANNATHAMKULANGARA, MANNATTIL, MANNAZHYIL were few other tharavads that refer to this style of house name usage directly or indirectly.

Mother Tongue   Malayalam.

Basic Settlements

Basic settlements as family groups  and tharavads are spread across in the areas like Moothanthara – palakkad – kavilpad - olavakkode town circle,kalpathy,nelliserry,pallipuram,noorani agraharams, koduvayoor,mannathukavu, ethanoor,thenkurissi,  kongad,pulapatta, katampazhipuram,alangad, punchapadam,mannampatta, mangalamkunnu, sreekrishnapuram, thiruvayzhiyode,vellinezhy, maangod, chethaloor, mannarkkad and very few families were found to be settled  in Vyanad District


Modern Settlements

Indian States, Arabian Countries and far east and European Countries


Moothan Majority Areas


Palakkad , Moothanthara, chakkanthara,vadakkanthara  circle and agraharams, thamarakulam,Jainmedu, kavilpad, kalpathy,nelliserry,pallipuram,noorani agraharams, koduvayoor,mannathukavu, ethanoor,thenkurissi,  kongad and so on

Guptan Majority Areas of palakkad

Pulapatta, katampazhipuram,alangad, punchapadam,mannampatta, mangalamkunnu, sreekrishnapuram, thiruvayzhiyode,vellinezhy, maangod, chethaloor, mannarkkad and very few families were found to be settled  in Vyanad District

Tharakan Majority Areas of palakkad

Palakkad Town, Akathethara, Kollengode,Karipode,Nenmaara, Thiruvazhiyode,Mangod

Mannadiar Majority Areas of Palakkad

Pallasena, Kollengode, Koduvayur, Chittoor




Palakkad Town  & Koduvayoor Region

Modern markets throws open stiff and tough competitions. Moothans, still pocket the majority of business avenues spanning from vegetable– groceries - clothes– other hardwares-computers - traditional gold and silver jewelry shops, finance and trading business.


Palakkad vegetable market at valiya angadi, melamuri is one of the major attractions of moothan’s business circle. They also run many small scale industry units that produce food items and snacks. The very famous snacks varieties like palakkad bananna chips, jackfruit chips and Sweetened Banana chips are those tasty and nostalgic items that all palakkad peoples always carry as gift, to their friends and relatives spread across nation, while they move back away from their home town. Peoples of other states are well fond of these special items and a good part of it is exported.


Moothan’s business profession is transmitted in the form of inheritance and it is carried out in a well socially knitted pattern. This is one of the reasons for their success in the business arena. Needless to say, changes in the business scenarios has really challenged the traditional localized business setups of moothan’s. Educating the children to its highest level is the modern trend of the society. It is a very heartening sign that every year more and more professionals are born out from the community. Few were taking up the task of finding out new business setups or the revival of the existing ones. Rest of them is migrating to the areas of profession, widely traveling in India and far abroad. Even today few sticks to their traditional business with passion and pride  – “The Vaishya pride”


Modern day bring the period of turmoil and fresh challenges ahead in the path of moothan, as a Vaishya, who follow the traditional local rules of business. Most of them are pushing themselves to meet the challenges to survive and betterment. It is a proud feeling that majority are capturing back their lost glamour in many modern employed professions.



Palakkad  – valluvanad Region



When it comes to land and agriculture Guptans of  Valluvanad region bags the most. From the historical times guptans are well known for their passion in Agricultural. Their product range includes vegetables - majority of rice cultivation, coconut, plantain, cattle farming , rubber plantations, pepper and so on.


Education is one the strongest assest of guptan(gupta)  community that carried forward strongly from the past. From olden days well know in the areas of art, culture and even many are well versed in the language of Sanskrit. Guptans prefer the employed profession when compared to moothans of palakkad and koduvayur who mostly favor business as their profession. Majority of Guptans are employed in major govt. and private sectors. Community has a wide list of well known Doctors , Engineers ,Software professionals, Technicians, MBA ‘s, Teachers  professors and so on


Propagation of agricultural and its support from government remain in papers as far as entire kerala is concerned. This is the reason why acres of guptan paddy fields are now lying barren and uncultivated. New generation are least interested in agriculture since social setups of kerala is fast changing. It is now a well known fact that lack of workmen to work in the paddy fields and high labor rates has almost killed the kerala agricultural sectors through out the state. It has to be noted here with proud, that this social trend has never pushed the guptan community down, rather more and more peoples are continuously moving into better education and employment avenues in India and abroad


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