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WhyBeVegetarian

Excerpts from "101 Reasons go go Vegetarian" from the ARC Website

    PEOPLE

  1. Every year in the UK we feed our livestock enough food to feed 250,000,000 people while in the world 30,000,000 people die of starvation
  2. 20 vegetarians can live off the land required by one meat eater
  3. If Americans reduced their meat consumption by 10% it would free 12,000,000 tons of grain - enough to feed 60,000,000 people (the population of Great Britain)
  4. If all Americans became vegetarian, it would free enough grain to feed 600,000,000 people (the population of India)
  5. Intensification in animal farming has displaced 1,000,000's of people from their traditional lands - eg. indigenous people in south & central america, native americans in north america & crofters in Great Britain - this is continuing today
  6. People displaced from their lands into cities succumb to dietary deficiency, diseases, parasites & opportunistic diseases
  7. The UK imports £46,000,000 worth of grain from third world countries to feed our livestock
  8. Due to overgrazing 850,000,000 people live on land threatened by desertification & over 230,000,000 already live on land so severely desertified that they are unable to sustain their existence & face imminent starvation


    LAND

  9. If they continue to clear American forests to raise cattle at the present rate, in 50 years there will be none left
  10. 1 acre yields 165 lbs of beef or 20,000 lbs of potatoes
  11. 8/10 of cultivated land in the UK is used to grow food for animals (14,732,000 hectares)
  12. It takes 16lbs of high protein soya to produce 1 lb of beef
  13. Since 1945 in the UK we have lost 95% of flower meadows, 50% of ancient woodlands, 40% of heathlands, 50% of wet lands & 224,000 km of hedgerows all due to animal farming
  14. Pressure on land due to meat farming leads to soil erosion 6billion tons/year in the USA
  15. If everyone went vegetarian upto 90% of land used for animal farming could be taken out of production & used to replant woodlands, leisure activities etc.
  16. 25% of Central america's forests have been destroyed for cattle grazing since 1960
  17. Between 1966-1983 38% of the Amazon rain forest was destroyed for cattle grazing
  18. 90% of cattle ranches established on cleared forest land go bankrupt in less than 8 years as the land becomes barren due to nutrient loss & overgrazing
  19. Overgrazing by cattle is destroying the land & increasing desertification, nearly 430 million acres in the USA alone has suffered a 25-50% reduction in yield since first grazed
  20. An inch of topsoil takes 200-1000 years to develop - yet in the USA they have lost around 1/3 of their prime topsoil in 200 years (around 7 inches) due to animal farming


    AIR

  21. The destruction of the rainforest by cattle farmers is destroying the lungs of the planet & reducing the worlds capacity to replenish our oxygen supply
  22. The 1,300,000,000 cattle in the world emit 60,000,000 tons of methane per year (methane is a greenhouse gas & leads to global warming)
  23. Burning of forests, grasslands & agricultural waste associated with animal farming releases 50-100,000,000 tons of methane per year
  24. Combining these figures, 25% of methane emissions are due to animal farming (not including the billions of sheep, pigs & poultry so the real figure is much higher)
  25. Fertilizer used to grow crops to feed to animals releases nitrous oxide - thought to account for 6% of the greenhouse effect
  26. Fertilizer, weedkiller & pesticides sprayed on crops enter the atmosphere creating a noxious carcinogenic cocktail
  27. CFCs are released into the air from refrigeration units used to store decomposing flesh (meat), milk & butter - CFCs are destroy the ozone layer
  28. CO2 is released by burning oil & petrol in lorries, ships, abattoirs, dairies, factories etc. associated with meat & dairy production
  29. Emissions from large chemical plants which produce fertilizer, weedkiller & other agricultural chemicals are also poisoning our air


    WATER

  30. 25 gallons of water to produce 1lb of wheat & 2500 gallons to produce 1lb of meat
  31. Bloody waste water from abattoirs ends up in our rivers
  32. Nitrates & pesticides used on crops grown to feed livestock end up in our rivers
  33. The water used to produce 10 lbs of steak is equivalent to the average consumption of water for an entire household for an entire year
  34. Aquafers (stores of underground water) in the San Joaquin valley in the USA are being drained at the rate of 500,000,000,000 gallons/year to produce meat


    EFFICIENCY

  35. Cattle convert only 6% of their energy intake (mainly grains & soya) into flesh, the remaining 94% is wasted as heat, movement (which is why they keep many animals in very close confinement), hair, bones, faeces etc
  36. 1lb of beef takes 1 gallon of petrol to produce
  37. 70% of all grain is fed to animals


    ANIMALS

  38. Fishing with drift (and other modern) nets weakens & destroys ecosystems by indiscriminately killing billions of sea creatures & disrupting the sea bed
  39. Fishermen's nets kill 10 times as many other animals as the fish they are hoping to catch
  40. Fish caught in nets die an agonising slow death of suffocation
  41. Each year 15,000,000,000 land animals are slaughtered for food & an unknown but much larger number of sea creatures (including 1000's of dolphins caught accidentally)
  42. Chickens are crammed into battery cages with upto 3 other birds, they are unable to even spread their wings & many can not even stand up
  43. Unwanted male chicks (because they can't lay eggs) are gassed or pulped while their sisters go to the battery sheds
  44. Chicks are debeaked without anaesthetic to prevent them injuring each other in the unnaturally confined conditions they are kept in - this is equivalent to having your fingernails pulled out without anaesthetic
  45. Modern farming methods using growth hormones & artificial lighting mean that many chickens out grow their bones, resulting in fractured & broken legs
  46. Sows are kept tethered in stalls 1.3 x 1 metre on concrete or slatted floors - they can not even turn around
  47. Poultry raised for meat are kept in windowless broiler sheds, with around 20-30,000 in each shed, they live in an area of 10-20 cm square - fighting due to overcrowding is common & like battery hens they commonly suffer from supperating bed sores
  48. Broilersheds are artificially lit 23 hours a day to produce rapid growth
  49. Animals travel between farms & to slaughter in overcrowded transporters with no food or water - resulting in stress, injuries & deaths - legal requirements are widely ignored
  50. 95% of poultry suffer injuries before being killed & 30% suffer broken bones
  51. Problems with stunning practices mean that many animals have their throats slit while still conscious (around 6% of cattle or 200,000 per year) & are then dipped in tanks of scalding water (to loosen feathers, bristles etc.) again while fully conscious
  52. 4000 animals die spurting their blood out every minute in a British slaughterhouse
  53. Calf leather comes from animals killed at just 2 weeks old
  54. Cows were fed on the ground up remains of other cows & sheep - the result is thought to be BSE (mad cow disease) in the USA cattle are fed partly on recycled plastic pellets
  55. Cows only give milk for 10 months after they have a calf - so they are routinely artificially inseminated (ie. mechanically raped) to keep them pregnant & milking - their calves are taken away (usually at 12 hours old) for meat or export to veal crates
  56. Cows would naturally live upto 20 years but are slaughtered after 5-7 years when their milk production begins to fall
  57. In the UK animals are killed by first being stunned with electricity or a captive bolt gun (ie. a bolt is fired into their heads) before having their throats slit & being plunged into boiling water - all this happens on a production line with the animals being hung upside down from a moving conveyor belt - this is factory farming
  58. "Animals are those unfortunate slaves & victims of the most brutal part of mankind" - John Stewart Mill (philosopher)
  59. Veal calves are confined in stalls in the dark, unable to move & are fed on pigs blood , chocolate & dried milk (we are drinking the rich fresh milk of their mothers)
  60. Cows naturally produce 5 litres of milk per day for their calves - under the intensified systems of modern farming they produce 25-40 litres per day - resulting in swollen & inflamed udders - at this rate they are soon worn out
  61. Large areas of land are under monoculture to grow crops to feed to animals - these areas are wildlife deserts supporting fewer & fewer species.


    HEALTH

  62. Vegetarians have a 20% lower rate of mortality from all causes (ie. they live longer & don't get sick as often)
  63. Meat is full of traces of antibiotics, hormones, toxins produced by stress & pesticide residues that become concentrated from all the crops they have eaten
  64. Fish contain heavy metals & other pollutants -many of which originated on farms
  65. The world health organisation recommends a diet low in saturated fat, sugar, salt & with plenty of fibre - exactly what you get on a vegan/vegetarian diet
  66. Vegetarians have 24% reduced risk of getting heart disease & Vegans a 57% reduction (heart disease is the biggest killer in the UK accounting for 50% of deaths)
  67. Obesity is rare in vegetarians, obesity is related to many diseases
  68. Vegans & vegetarians have lower blood pressure & cholesterol levels - high levels are associated with heart disease, strokes & kidney failure
  69. Vegetarians have a 50% reduced risk of dying of diabetes
  70. Vegetarians have a 40% reduced level of cancer than the general population thought to be because they have a higher intake of vitamins A,C & E
  71. Vegetarians have a reduced risk of developing gall & kidney stones
  72. 80% of food poisoning is due to infected meat (faeces, bacteria etc.) after all meat is decomposing flesh - most of the rest is due to salmonella in eggs
  73. Osteoporosis due to calcium loss from bones is mainly due to the sulphur content in meat & casein protein in milk that cause calcium to be lost in the urine - the countries with the highest meat & dairy consumption are those with the highest levels of brittle bones
  74. Meat eaters have double the rate of Alzheimers disease as Vegans & Vegetarians - some people also think that Parkinsons disease is also linked to meat eating
  75. Meat eaters are two and a half times more likely to get bowel cancer than Vegetarians
  76. The cling film used to wrap meat in supermarkets & butchers contains chemicals linked to falling sperm counts in men
  77. Of 2,100,000 deaths in the USA in 1987, 1,500,000 were related to diet (ie. meat & dairy)


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